for additional details please see our book condition page
Brand New - Item is brand new, unused and unmarked, in flawless condition.
Fine/Like New (F) - No defects, little usage. May show remainder marks. Older books may show minor flaws.
Very Good (VG) - Shows some signs of wear and is no longer fresh. Attractive. Very little or no writing.
Good (G) - Average used book with all pages present. Possible loose bindings, highlighting, cocked spine or torn dust jackets. May have some highlighting and writing.
Acceptable (AC) - Obviously well-worn, but no text pages missing. May be without endpapers or title page. Markings do not interfere with readability. Will have some highlighting and writing.
Poor - All text is legible but may be soiled and have binding defects. Reading copies and binding copies fall into this category. Heavily marked up.