History Of Steno

 

THE HISTORY OF MODERN STENOGRAPHY
by
Lorraine Northway
1551
Timothy Bright born
1588
Timothy Bright's "Characterie; An Arte of Shorte, Swifte and Secrete Writing by Character" published and he received a patent for his shorthand system from Queen Elizabeth
1602
John Willis' "Art of Stenography" published
1627?
John Willis believed to have died
1646
William Mason's "LA Plume Volante" published
1692
John Byrom born
1724
Byrom elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Arts
1742
Byrom's shorthand system copyrighted
1749
Samuel Taylor born
1750
Thomas Guerney's "Brachygraphy" printed in Manchester
1767
John Byrom's "Universal English Shorthand" published in Manchester 4 years after his death
1772
Thomas Guerney appointed by the English Government as its first official shorthand writer
1786
Samuel Taylor's "An essay intended to establish standard for an universal system of stenography" published in London
1791
Samuel Morse born in America
1811
Samuel Taylor believed to have died
1813
Isaac Pitman born in Trowbridge
1822
Benn Pitman born
1823
William Harding revised Taylor's system
1829
Isaac Pitman took up Samuel Taylor's shorthand
1837
Isaac Pitman "Stenography Sound-Hand" published. Pitman shorthand became the ever first subject taught by correspondence. Jacob Pitman, Isaac Pitman's elder brother, took Isaac's "Sound-Hand" with him to Australia
1839
The First Phonetic Institute opened at No 5 Nelson Place, Bath by Isaac Pitman
1840
The second edition of Pitman's "Stenography Sound-Hand" published and by the end of the year the third edition was on the shelves
1842
The "Phonographic Journal No 1" went on sale (now the Pitman's Phonetic Journal)
1843
The Phonographic Correspondence Society established in the United Kingdom
1844
Morse demonstrated to Congress the practicality of the telegraph by transmitting the famous message "What hath God wrought" over a wire from Washington to Baltimore
1845
Isaac Pitman established his first printing press
1846
"A Phonographic Dictionary of the English Language" the first ever Pitman dictionary published, containing 12,000 outlines
1851
The Second Phonetic Institute opened by Pitman at Upper Bristol Road, Bath. Isaac Pitman won a bronze medal at the Great Exhibition for his printed shorthand
1852
Benn Pitman arrived in America and introduced Pitman shorthand. Benn Pitman established the Phonographic Institute of Cincinnati
1854
Benn Pitman's "The Reporters Companion" published
1855
Benn Pitman's "The Manual of Phonography" published. Pitman's Third Phonetic Institute opened at Parsonage Lane, Bath. The first Shorthand Speed Certificates issued by the Phonetic Institute in Bath. 
1857
The revised vowel scale introduced by Isaac Pitman but not adapted by many American writers. J Graham's "Brief Longhand" published in America
1862
Duplicate hook fr, vr, thr, Thr and large hooks for fl, vl, shl, ml, nl introduced by Isaac Pitman
1864
The Royal Society of Arts began shorthand examinations
1865–7
Benn Pitman led a team of 5 stenographers at the trial of President Lincoln's assassin
1867
wl and lr introduced to the Pitman system. John Robert Gregg born on 17 June in Shantonaugh, County Managhan, Ireland. Benn Pitman's "The Assassination of President Lincoln and the Trial of the Conspirators" published
1869
kw introduced into the Pitman system
1870
The Pitman's Metropolitan School opened in London
1872
Seventeen enthusiastic writers of Pitman's shorthand established the Phonetic Shorthand Writers Association in Great Britain
1873
wh added to the Pitman system
1874
Pitman's Forth Phonetic Institute opened at Nos 6 & 7 Kingston Buildings in the Abbey Churchyard, Bath
1879
Miles Bartholomew received a patent in America for the first shorthand machine
1884
The double-length principal extended the Pitman system. The "Pitman v Hine copyright action. The "Acropolis of Athens" depicting 4th century BC Greek shorthand discovered in Athens
1886
Pitman went into partnerships with his sons Alfred and Ernest to form Isaac Pitman & Sons. The first million copies of the "Phonographic Teacher" sold in Great Britain
1887
Pitman's large initial circle sw adopted. The tercentenary of Timothy Bright. The Golden Jubilee of Pitman shorthand.
1888
The 28 paged "Light – Line Phonography", the first ever Gregg's shorthand book published in Great Britain. Pitman shorthand became an examinable subject for secondary schools with the Oxford Local Examining Board.
1889
Pitman shorthand first recognised by the British Government in the "Technical Instruction Act’.
1890
Pitman shorthand included in the British School Code. National Phonographic Society formed.
1892
The "Pitman's Shorthand Weekly" established
1893
John Gregg opened his first school in Great Britain. Gregg moved to the United States of America. Gregg's "Light- Line Phonography" first published in the Untied States of America
1894
Isaac Pitman knighted by Queen Victoria
1895
Sir Isaac Pitman retired and his eldest son, Alfred took over the family business
1897
Sir Isaac Pitman died on 22 January in Bath. Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons commissioned a special building to house the Pitman's Metropolitan School.
1898
Phonetic Shorthand Writers Association and the National Phonographic Society merged to become The Incorporated Phonographic Society. The new Pitman's Metropolitan School building opened in London.
1899
Gregg Publishing Co established. The National Shorthand Reporters Association formed in Chicago in August. The Dutch system of shorthand "Groote" introduced by A W Groote.
1900
John Gregg started to edit "Gregg's Writer’. The "Century" edition of Pitman shorthand published.
1901
Pitman's Phonetic Institute extended
1902
"Sir Isaac Pitman: His Life and Labours" by Benn Pitman and Alfred Baker published. "Gregg's Shorthand’, a revised version of "Light-Line" published in America, 
1904
"Sir Isaac Pitman 1813 – 1897- A Biographical Sketch" first published.
1906
The first commercially feasible stenography machine invented by Ward Stone Ireland. 
1908
James Hill born near Bradford.
1909
The National Court Reporters Association (NCRA) organised the first National Speed Contest for shorthand in America. 
1910
Benn Pitman died in America. 
1913
The introduction of the Stenotype machine into the US court system...The "Centenary" edition of Pitman shorthand introduced to mark the 100th anniversary of Sir Isaac Pitman birth
1920
Gregg edited "American Shorthand Teacher" which would later become "Business Education World" in 1933. 
1921
The Pitman Commercial Examinations Department established at the Phonetic Institute. 
1922
The "New Era" edition of Pitman shorthand published by Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons. A world record of 350 words per minute achieved by American Nathan Behrin during a 2 minute test using the Pitman system. 
1924
Emma Dearborn devised a Speed Writing System in the USA.
1929
The 50th anniversary of Gregg's shorthand system. Gregg's frequency-of-words method introduced. 
1932
The "Hy-Speed Longhand" first published in America.
1940
Gregg's "New Rapid Course" introduced to simplify the system for those attending evening classes and day schools. 
1948
John Robert Gregg died. McGraw Hill acquired the rights to all his work.
1949
"Stenograph" registered as a trademark in the USA.
1950
Leon Sheff revised the Dearborn Speed Writing system. Forkner's shorthand introduced in the USA.
1951
The National Council for the Training of Journalists established in Great Britain. 
1952
In America the NCRA organised the first National Speed Competition for machine shorthand writers. James Hill experimented with his new shorthand system at Grantham College. 
1956
Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons Ltd turned down the chance to publish James Hill's new system of shorthand. 
1963
The Diamond Jubilee of Gregg's shorthand. 
1968
The first public demonstration of Teeline shorthand. 
1969
"Basic Teeline: A Textbook of Fast Writing" published by Heinemann. 
1970
The Pitman Collection transferred from Pitman Publishing Ltd to Bath University. 
1971
The Inaugural meeting of the Teeline Association. Teeline Education Ltd established. James Hill died on 2 June 1971. 
1972
"Teeline Advanced" and "Basic Common Word List" published in September.
1973
"Advanced Practice Exercises" published for Teeline. 
1974
Pitman introduced a new non-court based system called Pitman 2000. 
1975
Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons reincorporated as Pitman Ltd. 
1978
In America "Gregg's Series 90" introduced by McGraw Hill to mark the 90th anniversary of the Gregg's system.
1982
Pitman Ltd become a public limited company. 
1985
The Pitman Examination Institute sold to the Longman Group. 
1987
First examinations for all systems offered by Teeline Education Ltd. 
1997
Bath Press Group Ltd (formerly part of Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons Ltd) reprinted "Sir Isaac Pitman 1813 – 1897- A Biographical Sketch" to mark the 100th anniversary of Sir Isaac Pitman's death.
2000
A trademark case bought by Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons Ltd against Pitman Education.& Training Ltd over the use of the word "Pitman" in connection of examinations.

THE HISTORY OF MODERN STENOGRAPHY
byLorraine Northway


1551
Timothy Bright born


1588
Timothy Bright's "Characterie; An Arte of Shorte, Swifte and Secrete Writing by Character" published and he received a patent for his shorthand system from Queen Elizabeth

1602
John Willis' "Art of Stenography" published

1627?
John Willis believed to have died

1646
William Mason's "LA Plume Volante" published

1692
John Byrom born

1724
Byrom elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Arts

1742
Byrom's shorthand system copyrighted

1749
Samuel Taylor born

1750
Thomas Guerney's "Brachygraphy" printed in Manchester

1767
John Byrom's "Universal English Shorthand" published in Manchester 4 years after his death

1772
Thomas Guerney appointed by the English Government as its first official shorthand writer

1786
Samuel Taylor's "An essay intended to establish standard for an universal system of stenography" published in London

1791
Samuel Morse born in America

1811
Samuel Taylor believed to have died

1813
Isaac Pitman born in Trowbridge

1822
Benn Pitman born

1823
William Harding revised Taylor's system

1829
Isaac Pitman took up Samuel Taylor's shorthand

1837
Isaac Pitman "Stenography Sound-Hand" published. Pitman shorthand became the ever first subject taught by correspondence. Jacob Pitman, Isaac Pitman's elder brother, took Isaac's "Sound-Hand" with him to Australia


1839
The First Phonetic Institute opened at No 5 Nelson Place, Bath by Isaac Pitman

1840
The second edition of Pitman's "Stenography Sound-Hand" published and by the end of the year the third edition was on the shelves

1842
The "Phonographic Journal No 1" went on sale (now the Pitman's Phonetic Journal)

1843
The Phonographic Correspondence Society established in the United Kingdom

1844
Morse demonstrated to Congress the practicality of the telegraph by transmitting the famous message "What hath God wrought" over a wire from Washington to Baltimore

1845
Isaac Pitman established his first printing press

1846
"A Phonographic Dictionary of the English Language" the first ever Pitman dictionary published, containing 12,000 outlines

1851
The Second Phonetic Institute opened by Pitman at Upper Bristol Road, Bath. Isaac Pitman won a bronze medal at the Great Exhibition for his printed shorthand


1852
Benn Pitman arrived in America and introduced Pitman shorthand. Benn Pitman established the Phonographic Institute of Cincinnati


1854
Benn Pitman's "The Reporters Companion" published

1855
Benn Pitman's "The Manual of Phonography" published. Pitman's Third Phonetic Institute opened at Parsonage Lane, Bath. The first Shorthand Speed Certificates issued by the Phonetic Institute in Bath. 


1857
The revised vowel scale introduced by Isaac Pitman but not adapted by many American writers. J Graham's "Brief Longhand" published in America


1862
Duplicate hook fr, vr, thr, Thr and large hooks for fl, vl, shl, ml, nl introduced by Isaac Pitman

1864
The Royal Society of Arts began shorthand examinations

1865–7
Benn Pitman led a team of 5 stenographers at the trial of President Lincoln's assassin

1867
wl and lr introduced to the Pitman system. John Robert Gregg born on 17 June in Shantonaugh, County Managhan, Ireland. Benn Pitman's "The Assassination of President Lincoln and the Trial of the Conspirators" published


1869
kw introduced into the Pitman system

1870
The Pitman's Metropolitan School opened in London

1872
Seventeen enthusiastic writers of Pitman's shorthand established the Phonetic Shorthand Writers Association in Great Britain

1873
wh added to the Pitman system

1874
Pitman's Forth Phonetic Institute opened at Nos 6 & 7 Kingston Buildings in the Abbey Churchyard, Bath

1879
Miles Bartholomew received a patent in America for the first shorthand machine

1884
The double-length principal extended the Pitman system. The "Pitman v Hine copyright action. The "Acropolis of Athens" depicting 4th century BC Greek shorthand discovered in Athens


1886
Pitman went into partnerships with his sons Alfred and Ernest to form Isaac Pitman & Sons. The first million copies of the "Phonographic Teacher" sold in Great Britain

1887
Pitman's large initial circle sw adopted. The tercentenary of Timothy Bright. The Golden Jubilee of Pitman shorthand.


1888
The 28 paged "Light – Line Phonography", the first ever Gregg's shorthand book published in Great Britain. Pitman shorthand became an examinable subject for secondary schools with the Oxford Local Examining Board.


1889
Pitman shorthand first recognised by the British Government in the "Technical Instruction Act’.

1890
Pitman shorthand included in the British School Code. National Phonographic Society formed.


1892
The "Pitman's Shorthand Weekly" established

1893
John Gregg opened his first school in Great Britain. Gregg moved to the United States of America. Gregg's "Light- Line Phonography" first published in the Untied States of America


1894
Isaac Pitman knighted by Queen Victoria
1895
Sir Isaac Pitman retired and his eldest son, Alfred took over the family business

1897
Sir Isaac Pitman died on 22 January in Bath. Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons commissioned a special building to house the Pitman's Metropolitan School.


1898
Phonetic Shorthand Writers Association and the National Phonographic Society merged to become The Incorporated Phonographic Society. The new Pitman's Metropolitan School building opened in London.


1899
Gregg Publishing Co established. The National Shorthand Reporters Association formed in Chicago in August. The Dutch system of shorthand "Groote" introduced by A W Groote.


1900
John Gregg started to edit "Gregg's Writer’. The "Century" edition of Pitman shorthand published.


1901
Pitman's Phonetic Institute extended
1902
"Sir Isaac Pitman: His Life and Labours" by Benn Pitman and Alfred Baker published. "Gregg's Shorthand’, a revised version of "Light-Line" published in America, 
1904
"Sir Isaac Pitman 1813 – 1897- A Biographical Sketch" first published.
1906
The first commercially feasible stenography machine invented by Ward Stone Ireland. 
1908
James Hill born near Bradford.
1909
The National Court Reporters Association (NCRA) organised the first National Speed Contest for shorthand in America. 
1910
Benn Pitman died in America. 
1913
The introduction of the Stenotype machine into the US court system...The "Centenary" edition of Pitman shorthand introduced to mark the 100th anniversary of Sir Isaac Pitman birth
1920


Gregg edited "American Shorthand Teacher" which would later become "Business Education World" in 1933. 
1921
The Pitman Commercial Examinations Department established at the Phonetic Institute. 
1922
The "New Era" edition of Pitman shorthand published by Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons. A world record of 350 words per minute achieved by American Nathan Behrin during a 2 minute test using the Pitman system. 


1924
Emma Dearborn devised a Speed Writing System in the USA.

1929
The 50th anniversary of Gregg's shorthand system. Gregg's frequency-of-words method introduced. 

1932
The "Hy-Speed Longhand" first published in America.

1940
Gregg's "New Rapid Course" introduced to simplify the system for those attending evening classes and day schools. 

1948
John Robert Gregg died. McGraw Hill acquired the rights to all his work.

1949
"Stenograph" registered as a trademark in the USA.

1950
Leon Sheff revised the Dearborn Speed Writing system. Forkner's shorthand introduced in the USA.

1951
The National Council for the Training of Journalists established in Great Britain. 

1952
In America the NCRA organised the first National Speed Competition for machine shorthand writers. James Hill experimented with his new shorthand system at Grantham College. 

1956
Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons Ltd turned down the chance to publish James Hill's new system of shorthand. 

1963
The Diamond Jubilee of Gregg's shorthand. 

1968
The first public demonstration of Teeline shorthand. 

1969
"Basic Teeline: A Textbook of Fast Writing" published by Heinemann. 

1970
The Pitman Collection transferred from Pitman Publishing Ltd to Bath University. 

1971
The Inaugural meeting of the Teeline Association. Teeline Education Ltd established. James Hill died on 2 June 1971. 

1972
"Teeline Advanced" and "Basic Common Word List" published in September.

1973
"Advanced Practice Exercises" published for Teeline. 

1974
Pitman introduced a new non-court based system called Pitman 2000. 

1975
Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons reincorporated as Pitman Ltd. 

1978
In America "Gregg's Series 90" introduced by McGraw Hill to mark the 90th anniversary of the Gregg's system.

1982
Pitman Ltd become a public limited company. 

1985
The Pitman Examination Institute sold to the Longman Group. 

1987
First examinations for all systems offered by Teeline Education Ltd. 

1997
Bath Press Group Ltd (formerly part of Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons Ltd) reprinted "Sir Isaac Pitman 1813 – 1897- A Biographical Sketch" to mark the 100th anniversary of Sir Isaac Pitman's death.

2000
A trademark case bought by Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons Ltd against Pitman Education.& Training Ltd over the use of the word "Pitman" in connection of examinations.